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Stuttering and Science

Livro aberto
26/03/2020

Para profissionais - Gagueiras

Stuttering and Science

William H. Perkins, Singular Publishing Group, 1996.

Maiores informações.

Section I: WHY SCIENCE HAS NOT SOLVED STUTTERING
A Brief History of Scientific Approaches to the Nature of Stuttering

Chapter 1. Theory Era
Travis Era: Breakdown and Represses-Need Theories
Johnson Era: Anticipatory-Struggle and Conditioning Theories

Chapter 2. Assumption Era
Constitutional Assumptions
Speech-Motor Assumptions
Critique

Chapter 3. Scientific Theory Criteria
First Criterion: Science Explains Cause and Effect
Second Criterion: Science Involves Theory Construction and Empirical Testing
Third Criterion: A Valid Theory Must Account for All Defining Characteristics
Fourth Criterion: Valid Theories Do Not Permit Contradictory Predictions
Fifth Criterion: Valid Theories Must Be Subject to Empirical Disproof
Sixth Criterion: Theories Are Not Valid Until Their Predictions Have Been Experimentally Verified
Summing Up

Section II: A DEMONSTRATION SOLUTION

Chapter 4. Introduction
A Comprehensive Theory Preview
Causal-Lead Tactics

Chapter 5. Nature and Causes of Stuttering
Question 1: What is the Essence of Stuttering?
Question 2: What Causes Transient Stuttering?
Question 3: What Causes Core Chronic Stuttering?
a. Linguistic Conditions
b. Anticipatory/Genetic Conditions
c. Conflict Conditions
d. Helpless Terror Conditions
e. Neural Conditions
Question 4: What Determines Severity of Stuttering

Chapter 6. Prevention and Recovery
Question 5: Can Chronic Stuttering Be Prevented?
Question 6: Can Chronic Stuttering Be Cured?

Chapter 7. Measurement
Question 7: Are All Who Stutter Alike?
Question 8: How Can Stuttering and Its Causes Be Measured Validly and Reliably?

Chapter 8. Conclusion

Epilogue